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a first look at fly

  • Fly
  • Docker
  • Containers
  • Node

Introduction

Fly is a platform for full stack applications and databases that need to run globally. Fly executes your code close to users and scales compute in cities where your app is busiest. You can run arbitrary Docker containers and host popular databases like Postgres.

Outline

Fly Setup

The code for this example can be found on my GitHub.

Install flyctl

You can download the CLI on Mac, Linux, or Windows.

brew install superfly/tap/flyctl

Create Fly Account

If you are a new user you can create an account with flyctl auth signup.

flyctl auth signup

After your browser opens you can either:

  • Sign-up with your name, email and password.
  • Sign-up with GitHub and check your email for link to set a password for verification.

You will also be prompted for credit card payment information, required for charges outside the free plan on Fly. See Pricing for more details.

Login to Fly Account

If you already have an account you can login with flyctl auth login.

flyctl auth login

After your browser opens, sign in with your username and password. If you signed up with Github, use the Sign-in with Github button to sign in.

Create Project

mkdir ajcwebdev-fly
cd ajcwebdev-fly
npm init -y
npm i express --save
echo > index.js
echo > Dockerfile
echo > .dockerignore
echo 'node_modules\n.DS_Store' > .gitignore

Create Server

// index.js

const express = require("express")
const app = express()

const port = process.env.PORT || 3000

app.get("/",
  (req, res) => {
    greeting = "<h1>ajcwebdev-fly</h1>"
    res.send(greeting)
  }
)

app.listen(port,
  () => console.log(`Hello from port ${port}!`)
)

Run Server

node index.js
Hello from port 3000!

01-hello-world-localhost

Create Dockerfile

Add the following code to Dockerfile in the root directory of your project.

FROM node:14-alpine
WORKDIR /usr/src/app
COPY package*.json ./
RUN npm i
COPY . ./
EXPOSE 8080
CMD [ "node", "index.js" ]

Add the following code to .dockerignore in the same directory as your Dockerfile.

node_modules
Dockerfile
.dockerignore
.git
.gitignore
npm-debug.log

Launch Application on Fly

Run flyctl launch in the directory with your source code to configure your app for deployment. This will create and configure a fly app by inspecting your source code and prompting you to deploy.

flyctl launch --name ajcwebdev-fly
Creating app in /Users/ajcwebdev/ajcwebdev-fly
Scanning source code
Detected Dockerfile app
Automatically selected personal organization: Anthony Campolo
Created app ajcwebdev-fly in organization personal
Wrote config file fly.toml
Your app is ready. Deploy with `flyctl deploy`
? Would you like to deploy now? No

This creates a fly.toml file.

app = "ajcwebdev-fly"

kill_signal = "SIGINT"
kill_timeout = 5

[env]

[experimental]
  allowed_public_ports = []
  auto_rollback = true

[[services]]
  http_checks = []
  internal_port = 8080
  protocol = "tcp"
  script_checks = []

[services.concurrency]
  hard_limit = 25
  soft_limit = 20
  type = "connections"

[[services.ports]]
  handlers = ["http"]
  port = 80

[[services.ports]]
  handlers = ["tls", "http"]
  port = 443

[[services.tcp_checks]]
  grace_period = "1s"
  interval = "15s"
  restart_limit = 6
  timeout = "2s"

Add the following PORT number under env.

[env]
  PORT = 8080

Deploy Application

flyctl deploy

Show Current Application Status

Status includes application details, tasks, most recent deployment details and in which regions it is currently allocated.

flyctl status
App
  Name     = ajcwebdev-fly       
  Owner    = personal                    
  Version  = 0                           
  Status   = running                     
  Hostname = ajcwebdev-fly.fly.dev  

Deployment Status
  ID          = d94d886a-f338-28cf-4078-1ed838eea224         
  Version     = v0                                           
  Status      = successful                                   
  Description = Deployment completed successfully            
  Instances   = 1 desired, 1 placed, 1 healthy, 0 unhealthy  

Instances
ID       VERSION REGION DESIRED STATUS  HEALTH CHECKS      RESTARTS CREATED 
40591407 0       sjc    run     running 1 total, 1 passing 0        37s ago

Open your browser to current deployed application with flyctl open.

flyctl open
Opening http://ajcwebdev-fly.fly.dev/

Visit ajcwebdev-fly.fly.dev to see the site.

02-ajcwebdev-fly-dev